Health Consciousness in recent years has seen a meteoric rise thanks to lifestyle diseases becoming commonplace and the Covid-19 Pandemic. With such consciousness, comes the need for products and services that are devoid of chemicals and completely organic thus giving birth to new industries and sectors such as organic superstores, lean and green food delivery services, and most importantly food that’s sustainable.
Convention agriculture relies heavily on chemical fertilizers and toxic pesticides etc. which enter the food supply, penetrate water resources, harm livestock, deplete the soil and devastate natural ecosystems. Organic Farming on the other hand aims to achieve the goals of farming without any assistance of pesticides and fertilizers through techniques such as crop rotation, green manure, compost, and biological pest control. It is a sustainable way of farming since its modus operandi is the production of safe and healthy food without leaving any adverse impact on the environment.
Some of the benefits of organic farming are:
Economical Farming: Organic Farming offers a way to substitute costlier agricultural inputs (such as High Yield Variety seeds, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, etc) with locally produced cheaper organic inputs.
Provides Healthy Food: Organic Farming helps meet the increasing demand for organically grown food. The food produced has more nutritional value that is important for overall well-being and preventing diseases.
Safety of Environment: Not only is the produce of organic farming devoid of any chemicals but the entire process is structured so as to not hamper our future generation’s ability to produce and consume food for themselves.
Organic Farming is the paradigm for sustainable agriculture and food security. It is less polluting than conventional farming per unit of land and it gives farmers links to certified markets where consumers are ready to pay for organic and nutritionally dense products. The organic method of farming is also reported to have reduced soil erosion and reversed the effect of land degradation across many areas in developing nations.
Organic food is costlier than conventional food because organic farming entails a larger use of land and more manual labor. However, this price is nothing when compared to what the world will have to pay if we solely focus on conventional farming and disregard its destructive effect on the environment.
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In the coming week, let's analyze the practical problems of organic farming and how we can overcome them.